Solid Legal Protection Without the Expense

Call Us - 1800 608 088

Glossary of Legal Terms Index


Glossary of Legal Terms – C

Capital Offence: A crime which carries the death penalty

Cargo: Goods carried on board a ship.

Case law: Principals which have been established by judges concerning particular cases which are used as reference for future determinations of similar cases.

Causa Mortis: Latin for ‘incase of death’

Cause of action: A legal action.


  • 1. A warning.
  • 2. A legal document lodged against the title of Torrens title land which claims an interest in that piece of land.
  • 3. A legal document lodged which will prevent the registration of a bill of sale.

Caveat emptor: Meaning ‘Let the buyer beware’.

Certificate of Title: The document of title to a piece of land

Cestui que trust: A trust beneficiary.

Chamber Magistrate: A qualified officer of the Attorney Generals department who is able to give free legal advice to members of the public eligible for that service

Champerty: An agreement made illegally where a person agrees to pay someone elses legal fees in return for a share of the proceeds.

Charge: A security which is given over property.

Charterparty: A written agreement for the chartering of a ship to carry cargo

Chattels: Property which is not freehold land; divided into two- categories:

(i) chattels real: interests in land other than freehold.

(ii) chattels personal: movable and tangible personal property.

Chose: A thing. Choses can be divided into choses in action and choses in possession.

Chose in action: Personal property that is intangible such as a right to be paid a debt.

Chose in possession: Personal property that is tangible, goods or chattels.

Citation: An order made in writing which orders a person to appear in court; to quite a passge from a statute, court judgement or other legal authority.

Civil action: Any legal action other than a criminal proceeding.

Clerk of the Court: Person who files legal documents, issues summonds and subpoenas and has access to al court records.

Codical: An amendment to a will which changes or explains some part of it. It must be signed with the same legal requirements of the will itself.

Cohabitation agreement: A document which deals with the financial arragements during a cohabitting relationship and what would happen ifthatrelationship is no longer valid.

Collateral: Literally meaning “side-by-side”; in contract law, an agreement in addition to the main agreement.

Collusion: An agreement made in secret which aims to cheat someone or defraud them of legal rights or any other rights.

Common law: A law system based on traditions and customs and on decisions made in previous cases as distinct from legislation.

Committal proceedings: In indictable offences, the proceedings held to inquire whether a prima facie case lies against the accused.

Company: Commonly used to refer to a corporation, generally a limited company. The use of the word “company” or abbreviated form “co” in a business name generally denotes a firm rather than a limited company.

Company Title: An arrangement where a company owns a block of houses, land or other property where individuals own shares n that property.

Complainant: (plaintiff) person who initiates a lawsuit.

Complaint: Document giving a brief description of the facts outlining the laintiffs reasons for a lawsuit.

Conciliation: Resolving of a dispute by way of negotiation without the need of a final order by a court.

Condonation: To forgive or pardon an offence or a civil wrong by way of acting as if it had never taken place.

Confiscate: To seize property legally without payment.

Consanguinity: Kinship or blood relationship. Connection between persons with the same ancestor

Consensus ad idem: Where all the parties involved are in agreement’ a meeting of the minds.

Consequential damages: Damage, injury or losses which are not caused directly by an act but as a result of that act.

Consignment: Sending of goods to another party to be sold by them.

Conspiracy: An agreement between persons to do an illegal act or to do a legal act but by illegal means.

Constitutional law: All rules of law which directly or indirectly effect the distribution of the sovereign power; that is law relating to the legislature or the judiciary.

Constructive: Where a liability, or knowledge, is implied by law without reference to the actual intention or knowledge; as opposed to actual.

Contempt of court: An intentional disregard for the authority of the court ie, disobeying court rules.

Contingent: Dependent upon something.

Contra proferentum: Against the person who alleges it.

Contract: A legally binding agreement between persons, corporations or persons and corporations.

Contracting out: Where the parties agree to exclude something from the contract.

Convey: To transfer ownership.

Conveyance: Assignment, transfer (generally of real estate); the document that transfers title of land under the old system

Convicted: To be ound guilty of a criminal act or illegal act.

Cooling off period: A time of inaction to reconsider.

Copyright: Legal protection given to an author, artist, designer etc for the exclusive right to use said property.

Corporation: An organisation, company or business formed by a group of people with a legal entity and rights which is separate to the individuals.

Counterpart: A true copy.

Covenant: A solemn promise generally contained in a deed; an agreement to do or not to do something.

Creditor: Company or person to whom someone owes money.

Custody: Responsibilty for keeping and caring for a person or property. Can also be for the legal confinement of a person.


Australian Law

Our Agreements are drafted to comply with Australian Law

Professionally Drafted

The agreements are professionally drafted by Australian Law Experts

Instant Download

No Need to Wait. Download the Agreements Instantly

Easy to use

Plain English - No Legalese. Your Agreement is easy to use, edit and understand